FRACTURE OF FACE :
A fracture is a broken bone. Many situations can cause facial fractures. Like road traffic accidents, sporting injuries, falls, and assaults. Depending on the type of facial injury, treatment may include bandaging and suturing of open wounds, administration of ice, antibiotics and pain killers, moving bones back into place, and surgery. When fractures are suspected, radiography is used for diagnosis. All kinds of facial fracture can be treated with plating.
MANAGEMENT OF OSMF (ORAL SUMUCOUS FIBROSIS):
Oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF or OSF) is a chronic, condition which may turn to a precancerous condition of the mouth. Initial symptoms includes burning sensation to hot spicy food, frequent ulceration, decreased saliva formation. Gradually, patients is unable to blow air into his mouth, decreased movement (elasticity) of tongue, the jaws become rigid to the point that the person is unable to open the mouth etc.
Both pallitative and surgical management is essential for the management of the disease. Moderate oral submucous fibrosis is reversible with cessation of habit, mouth opening exercise and medication. Severe oral submucous fibrosis requires surgical intervention. Current modern day medical treatments can increase mouth opening to a minimum of 30 mm.
MANAGEMENT OF TMJ PROBLEM:
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dislocation symptoms include:
Inability to close the mouth
Dislocation of the TMJ (can occur with blunt trauma, seizures, or excessive mouth opening)
There are many treatments available.
Common treatments include provision of occlusal splints, psychosocial interventions like cognitive behavioral therapy, and pain medication. Laser therapy can also be done to relieve the symptoms. Physiotherapy and jaw opening exercises must be done regularly to maintain the surgical correction.
MANAGEMENT OF CYST & TUMOUR:
Common cyst and tumour of mouth include mucocele, odontogentic cyst, traumatic bone cyst, mandibular cyst, salivary gland tumour, warthin’s tumour, ameloblastoma etc.
Various oral cyst and tumour can be successfully treated with minor and major surgical intervention. Laser treatment can also be helpful.